Trigs on Track : Diplomacy Unwound : India & the G20- Redefining the Global Order

You are Here: Tweet, Like, Share, Comment, Subscribe…be the Voice of Free Press!

Exclusive, By Ambassador Anil Trigunayat, Edited By Adam Rizvi, The India Observer, TIO, NJ: On December 1, 2022 , India assumed the presidency of the G20 for a year. Preparations and blue print for making it somewhat different than the previous ones were already afoot as India played a critical role at the Bali Summit in bridging the differences on Russia-Ukraine issue and helping issuance of the Bali Declaration that was being dogged by the geo politics between Russia and the West. Earlier during  the Saudi and Italian Presidencies also it played a key role as the world especially the developing one was facing the wrath of the Corona Virus. Even under India’s current presidency the Russia -Ukraine war will continue to impact on the global wellbeing since the weaponization of  financial instruments , energy, food and fertilizer have become the new tools of global subjugation as the world faces exceptional challenges . 3Fs crisis is taking its toll on the global economy and wellbeing of the developing countries and underdeveloped economies let alone the rich ones .

Also Read, Tweet & Share: Trigs on Track : Diplomacy Unwound-India’s G20 presidency towards Human centric Globalization

The resurgence of covid pandemic , especially in China , may have a devastating impact yet again on the global economy which the G20 has to tackle upfront since threat of recession among major western nations is becoming a stark reality. India remains a beacon of hope with a robust economic growth and soon becoming the most populous country in the world .Therefore , as India aims at finding ways to reduce the conflicts through diplomacy  and enhance collaboration through mutually beneficial initiatives and projects via consensus and be the voice and custodian of the interests of the ‘Global South’ it will have a unique opportunity to redefine the global order which is in a flux and uncertain transition.

Also Read, Tweet & Share: Celebration of India’s 74th Republic Day by Embassy of India, Washington D.C., January 26, 2023

One of the first objective that Prime Minister Modi set was to define Indian Presidency being driven by ‘Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam’  entailing ‘One Earth, One Family, One Future‘ through an inclusive, ambitious, decisive, and action-oriented approach.  India has always looked at the world as one family and has always risen to the global challenges by providing her own contributions as global good and commons  which was clearly evident during the fight against pandemic. This concept has been alien to many  who believed using their advantage to enhance their geo political footprint rather than help the humanity . 

Also Read, Tweet & Share: When 6,00,000 Indians Lost Power In Fiji, Did India Take Note?

To counter the negative impacts of the conflicts and wars, India is seeking to  depoliticize the global commons. PM Modi in his Op-ed  underscored that ‘ For promoting harmony within the human family, we will seek to depoliticize the global supply of food , fertilizers and medical products so that geo political tensions do not lead to humanitarian crises… through healing, harmony and hope ”.

Climate Change is a clear and present danger for the survival of humanity as the wars and geo politics have further accentuated the race to the bottom. It needs a concerted fight which is missing . Trusteeship of nature is a must which is implicit in Indian ethos and mindset for centuries. India ‘s launch of International Solar Alliance along with France and quest for green finance, green technologies and fight against ‘Green Apartheid’ are the key to saving the world. But the sense of ownership over natural resources is also giving rise to conflict today, and has become the main cause of the plight of the environment.

Also Read, Tweet & Share: Power Play in India by BJP, Modi Govt. Denies Kejriwal from Attending Climate Summit in Denmark

For the safe future of the planet, the sense of trusteeship is the solution. LIFE i.e. ‘Lifestyle for Environment’ campaign can make a big contribution to this. Its purpose is to make sustainable lifestyles a mass movement, PM Modi added . India intends to work jointly with other G20 partners and a dozen other important  invitees to the Summit. Scores of meetings planned across India as the G20 is becoming a pedestal for showcasing India’s rich culture and heritage to the world.

Also Read, Tweet & Share: A Proxy War Could Not Oust Assad; Can It Defeat Russia?

In the digital domain and knowledge economy also India has acquired and acknowledged  global leadership. Data is said to be the new Gold or Oil hence competition for its ownership is immense.  But for India the principle of “Data for development” will be an integral part of the overall theme of her Presidency. PM Modi underlined that India’s experience of the past few years has shown that if we make digital architecture inclusive, it can bring about socio-economic transformation. Digital use can bring scale and speed. Transparency can be brought in governance. India has developed digital public goods whose basic architecture has in-built democratic principles so very necessary for the AI driven Industrial revolution 4.0.

Also Read, Tweet & Share: Chastened By The Mid-Term Verdict, Biden May Encourage Ukraine Negotiations

These solutions are based on open source, open APIs, open standards, which are interoperable and public goods. India, having become a knowledge economy and IT superpower has the requisite heft to make digital public goods a reality with the G20 partners , even though  it is an uphill task given the protectionist nature of the presently divisive  international discourse and unwillingness of the rich countries to go extra mile .India ‘s economic and democracy dividends and experiences in digital outreach and inclusion could help alleviate the situation and craft the way forward.

Also Read, Tweet & Share: Trigs on Track:Diplomacy Unwound: India Amidst a Regional Chaos

India’s principled position and strategic autonomy on the unfortunate Russia-Ukraine war and on the seething Afghanistan crisis , while it was in the UNSC as a non-permanent member and thereafter  , for peace, dialogue, diplomacy and respect for UN Charter , sovereignty and territorial integrity have remained consistent and value based while serving her own national interests .Despite the Galwan and Tawang incidents and border tensions with the hegemonistic China , New Delhi has preferred the route to diplomacy and dialogue to resolve the bilateral issues with Beijing  ,while urging and advocating  respect for rule of law and freedom of navigation in the Indo-Pacific and elsewhere. Do as you preach is the dictum India follows.

Also Read, Tweet & Share: How India And US, QUAD Members Approach Lanka Crisis?

The G20 , representing 85% of global GDP, 2/3rd of world’s population and 75% of trade , has emerged as a major instrument of global decision making while regrettably UN ‘s role is becoming stunted and archaic . UN and other allied multilateral institutions , without fundamental reforms , may become only a talk shop and anachronistic to meet global challenges of a newer as well as the  older kind. Lamenting about issues only is no response . Therefore, for India , which has been a part of G7+ , for several years now and also part of cross cutting important plurilaterals  like QUAD, BRICS, SCO, I2U2  and RIC   etc., the G20 Presidency provides an opportunity to change the global narrative and to steer the vitriolic and selfish approaches of the majority towards a benign and welfare oriented inclusive international effort . It is indeed a major challenge, since the major powers are infested with the Zero sum mindset.

Also Read, Tweet & Share: Trigs on Track-Diplomacy Unwound: Pakistan retrieving Riyadh

Again PM Modi urged in his op-ed “Can we catalyze a fundamental mindset shift to benefit humanity as a whole “.  It will be a task cut out as India will reassemble the G20 in totality despite the ongoing Eurasian conflict and Sino-US tensions let alone India’s own challenges in her neighborhood. And India is committed to just do that.

In order to understand, ascertain  and project the concerns of the developing world in this fractious global order  , Prime Minister Modi convened a ‘Voice of Global South Summit’ with several focused themes to collectively shape the global agenda . He devised a four pronged approach with the 4Rs -he announced India’s ‘global agenda’ with the four “R’s”: Respond, Recognise, Respect and Reform. ‘To re-energise the world, we should together call for a global agenda of ‘Respond, Recognize, Respect and Reform’: Respond to the priorities of the Global South by framing an inclusive and balanced international agenda. Recognise that the ‘Common but Differentiated Responsibilities’ principle applies to all global challenges. Respect sovereignty of all nations, the rule of law and peaceful resolution of differences and disputes; and Reform international institutions, including the United Nations, to make them more relevant,” re-emphasised PM Modi at the Summit.

Also Read, Tweet & Share: Indian-American Congresswoman Pramila Jayapal to boycott State of the Union address due to ‘racism’ from White House

One of the key achievements for India could be to include more African nations in the G20 orbit and more importantly if it is able to persuade others to include Voice of Global South Summit as a permanent member converting G20 into G21 in this 21st century. In the futuristic global order , threatening to  become a Cold War 2.0 scenario , if India is able to  bridge the gap between the’ Haves and Have nots’ and enables a culture of strategic autonomy, multilateralism ,inclusiveness and interdependence  among the competing comity of nations to fight the global challenges through cooperation , that would indeed  be the defining feature of India’s G20 leadership and beyond.

Also, Read more from this Author: TRIGS on Track: Diplomacy Unwound China and Pelosi in Taiwan

Curated and Compiled by Humra Kidwai

Articles written by contributors have different viewpoints. The views expressed in the articles are the author’s own and not necessarily supported by TIO, The India Observer its affiliates, staff, or the management. Our Articles can be reproduced, with the following conditions, (1) No alteration to the content, (2) Visible, and full credit is given to the Author & Editor. (3) Citing, The India Observer, TIO. In the case of online or electronic media, a link to the original article must be given. Rules are strictly enforced. Any questions, email the Editor at: Or

All Copyrights reserved. Please be guided.

Anil Trigunayat

Anil Trigunayat

Anil Trigunayat (IFS Retd) ,Rotarian Former Ambassador of India to Jordan, Libya and Malta Independent Director , WAPCOS ( President, MIICCIA Chamber of Commerce ( Patron ,Indus International Research Foundation Chairman, Confederation of Educational Excellence Secretary , Association of Indian Diplomats ( Former Ambassadors) Chair Advisory Council, India-Italy Chamber of Commerce &Industry ( Distinguished Fellow Vivekananda International Foundation (, Leads West Asia Experts Group Member , JNU Committee for the Institute of Advanced Studies Governing Council Raisina House; Usanas Foundation ; and India-Japan Foundation Adviser(Int), National Cooperative Development Cooperation Adviser ,Asia Africa Chamber of Commerce / BRICS Chamber of Commerce &Industry Peace Ambassador @Unity Earth, Australia

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *